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Presently Darbhanga district is having the total geographical area of 2279 sq. km. and population of 3295789 according to 2001 census. It is situated between longitude 85 degree 45’- 86 degree 25’ East and latitude 25 degree 53’ - 26 degree 27’ North and is bounded on the north by Madhubani district, on the south by Samastipur district, on the east by Saharsa district and on the west by Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur districts.

 

The District of Darbhanga can be divided into four natural divisions. The eastern portion consisting of Ghanshyampur, Biraul and Kusheshwarsthan blocks contain fresh silt deposited by the Kosi River. This region was under the influence of Kosi floods till the construction of Kosi embankment in the Second Five Year Plan. It contains large tracts of sandy land covered with wild marsh.

The second division comprised of the anchals lying south of the Boorhi Gandak river and is the most fertile area in the district. It is also on higher level than the other part of the district and contains very few marshes. It is well suited to the rabbi crops.

The third natural region is the doab between the Burhi Gandak and Baghmati and consists of the low-lying areas dotted over by chaur and marshes. It gets floods every year.

The fourth division covers the Sadar sub-division of the district. This tract is watered by numerous streams and contains some up-lands.

The district has a vast alluvial plain devoid of any hills. There is a gentle slope from north to south with a depression on the centre. Numerous rivers originating in the Himalays water this district. Out of these rivers Kamla, Baghmati, Kosi and Kareh are of most importance.

The District has somewhat dry and healthy climate. There are three well-marked seasons, the winter, the summer & the Rainy season. The cold weather begins in November and continues up to February, though March is also somewhat cool. Westerly winds begin to blow in the second half of March and temperature rises considerably. May is the hottest month when the temperature goes up to 107 degree Fahrenheit. Rain sets in towards the middle of June. With the advent of the Rainy seasons, temperature falls and humidity rises. The moist heat of the Rainy season is very oppressive up to August .The rain continues till the middle of October. Average rainfall is 1142.3 mm. around 92% of rainfall is received during monsoon months.

Month-wise rainfall and number of days are given in the following tables:

  Normal Rainfall and its Days
SL Month Rain-Fall (mm) Days of Rain-Fall
1. July 286.50 11.80
2. August 280.80 12.00
3. September 188.60 8.90
4. October 80.00 2.60
5. November 8.20 0.40
6. December 1.80 0.40
7. January 12.60 1.00
8. February 10.50 1.20
9. March 9.90 0.90
10. April 18.50 1.40
11. May 59.30 3.30
12. June 186.10 7.60
  TOTAL 1,142.30 51.30
 
  Actual Rainfall in the District   
SL Year  Rain-Fall (mms)
1. 1991 761.90
2. 1992 628.40
3. 1993 881.30
4. 1994 822.50
5. 1995 930.20
6. 1996 887.00
7. 1997 1,198.90
8. 1998 1,121.20
9. 1999 767.50
10. 2000 766.00
11. 2001 943.60
12. 2002 830.46
13. Sep'2003 768.77

 

Flora and Fauna

The land in Darbhanga District is generally very fertile and there are hardly and uncultivated areas. The district is, therefore, devoid of any forests. Among the trees found in the district are Sisam, Khair, Palmyra and Khajur. Mango, jackfruit, pipal and tamarind are found near village settlements. The district also has some tracts of grasslands.

Wild animals existed in the district up to the end of the 18th century. But with the progressive use of land and rapid growth of population, the forest areas were cleared and the wild animals became almost extinct. Wolves and hyenas are rare, while jackals are common. Fox and wild cats are also met with occasionally.

Among the birds found in the district are various kinds of quails, partridges and ducks, snipes, cranes, storks and sparrows are commonly seen. Fish are plentiful. The common varieties are Rohu, Bachwa, Tangra, Katla, Singhi and Boari. Hilsa is found only occasionally.

 

Languages and Religion

Main languages spoken in this district are: Maithili, Hindi and Urdu. Religion-wise breakup of population is indicated below as per 1991 census: Hindus : 19,55,068, Muslims : 5,55,429, Christians : 141, Sikhs : 198, Buddhists : 26, Jains : 27, Other religions and persuasions : 70.

 

Fair and Festivals

Important fairs and melas organised in various parts of the district are namely: Kartik Purnima mela, Dussehra mela, Janmastami mela and Divali mela.

 

Statistical Figures

 

Darbhanga - Bihar - India
SL Head  Unit   Darbhanga    Bihar     India  
1. Population Growth (Per Annum) % 2.25 2.13 2.14
2. Population Density (Person/Sq.Kms)      Nos. 1,101 496 273
3. Urbanization % 8.70 13.14 25.73
4. Literacy % 29.00 38.48 52.21
5. Male Literacy % 48.00 52.49 64.13
6. Female Literacy % 16.00 22.89 39.29
7. Urban Literacy % 66.42 67.89 73.08
8. Rural Literacy % 31.80 33.83 44.69
9. Workers as % of total Population % 29.49 32.16 37.46
10. Agriculture % Allied Activities % 84.10 81.10 66.92
11. Mining and Quarrying % 0.04 1.26 0.61
12. Mfg. (Non-household) industries % 1.89 2.26 7.65
13. House-hold industries % 1.43 1.74 2.38
14. Construction % 0.49 0.63 1.94
15. Services % 12.05 13.00 20.50
16. Forest area as % reporting area % 0 16.87 21.82
17. Net sown area as % of reporting area % 59.72 44.43 46.30
18. Grows irrigation area % of grs. cropped area % 18.49 36.31 30.72
19. Average size of Operational Holding Hec. 0.54 0.87 1.69
20. Fertilizer consumption per hectare Kgs. 68.00 58.00 72.00
21. Value of output of major crops per hectare Rs. 2,333 3017 3576
22. Value of output of major per capita Rs. 192 368 758
23. Per Capita Foodgrain Production Kgs. 65.00 118.00 173.00
24. Road Length per 100 sq. km. Kms. 50.84 48.77 60.14
25. Railway Route Length per 100 sq. km. Kms. 3.59 3.06 2.06
26. Post Office per Lakh Population Nos. 14.09 13.20 17.93
27. Telegraph Offices per Lakh Population Nos. 0 2 4.3
28. Telephones per Lakh Population Nos. 493 167 800
29. Total Fertility Rate   5.10 5.50 4.80
30. Infant Mortality rate per thousand live birth   115 118 110
31. Live Expectancy at birth   47.60 46.50 53.85
32. Relative Index of Development Index 29 43 100
           

 

Administrative Setup

Darbhanga is the Divisional Headquarter. The division comprises the three district, namely Darbhanga, Madhubani and Samastipur.

Panchayats - Zila Parishads
SL District  Blocks   Panchayats    Gram-Panchayat
Members 
Panchayat
Samiti Members
Zila-Parishad
Members
1. Darbhanga 18 329 4,570 461 47
2. Madhubani 20 399 5,523 552 56
3. Samastipur 20 381 5,211 523 51
  Total 58 1,109 15,304 1,536 154

The district comprises of three civil Sub-divisions, 18 Blocks, 329 Panchayats, 1269 villages & 23 Police Stations. There is a municipal corporation having 37 wards in the urban area.

 

Block-wise Village, Panchayat, Ward, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishads
SL Block Name No. of
Villages
 No. of
Panchayats
No. of
Wards
No. of
Panchayat Samiti
No. of Zila
Parishad
1. Baheri 80 27 364 36 4
2. Hayaghat 48 14 195 20 2
3. Hanuman Nagar 85 14 198 19 2
4. Darbhanga 137 23 338 34 3
5. Bahadurpur 171 23 321 32 3
6. Singhwara 100 25 359 36 4
7. Jale 60 26 362 36 4
8. Keoti 110 26 355 36 4
9. Tardih 45 13 162 14 2
10. Manigachhi 47 22 302 31 3
11. Alinagar 44 11 176 19 2
12. Benipur 65 22 330 33 3
13. Ghanshyampur 30 12 169 17 2
14. Kiratpur 17 8 95 10 1
15. Kuseshwarasthan 73 14 193 20 2
16. Kuseshwarasthan (E) 36 10 134 13 1
17. Biraul 70 26 343 36 3
18. Gaura Bauram 51 13 174 17 2
  Total 1,269 329 4,570 459 47

 

Banks in Darbhanga

There are 150 banks branches in the district which include 62 commercial bank branches, 79 RRBs, 3 LDBs and 6 Co-operative banks. Besides these there are 180 PACs in the district. Central Bank of India is the lead bank of the district.

 

Statement of Banks in Darbhanga District
SL Name of Bank No. of Branches No. of Branches in Service Areas No. of Villages under Service Area No. of Villages of Targeted or Non-Trageted Groups of RRBs
1. Central Bank of India 14 9 100 143
2. State Bank of India 18 12 120 368
3. Allahabad Bank 2 1 8 17
4. Bank of Baroda 2 2 18 20
5. United Commercial Bank 3 2 12 -
6. United Bank of India 5 4 40 97
7. Punjab National Bank 5 3 28 65
8. Canara Bank 1 - - -
9. Indian Bank 3 3 17 44
10. Bank of India 4 3 5 47
11. Syndicate Bank 1 - - -
12. Vijaya Bank 1 - - -
13. Union Bank of India 1 1 15 24
14. Dena Bank 1 - - -
15. Indian Overseas Bank 1 - - -
16. Mithila Kshetriya Gramin Bank (RRB) 79 77 825 -
17. Central Co-operative Bank 6 Entire District - -
18. Land Development Bank 3 do - -
19. ICICI Bank 1 do - -
20. HDFC Bank 1 do - -
21. AXIS Bank 1 do - -
TOTAL 153 117 1,188 825